Murad Heydarov: “Preliminary research for hydrogen transportation via TAP will be completed by the end of the year”
TAP explores hydrogen transportation
“Currently, work is underway to transport hydrogen via the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline (TAP).”
This “Report” announced by the Board of Directors, a member of the TAP consortium Murad Heydarov said.
According to him, preliminary studies are being carried out in this regard: “Of course, we cannot talk about the full conversion of TAP to hydrogen. We are talking about the transportation of hydrogen mixture.
M. Heydarov said that there are many uncertainties in this issue as well: “Leading transport companies are currently investigating this.”
He declined to comment on the percentage of hydrogen transported through the TAP pipeline: “Sometimes the media writes that it is possible to transport 20 % hydrogen mixture through the pipelines without any additional investment . Leading European transport companies are cautious in their forecasts , saying that these volumes will be around 2 %. So far, no one has exact information about this and the investigation is underway.
M. Heydarov noted that there are many complex problems in this issue: “There are technological, operational, commercial and procedural factors. TAP, like other founders of the pipeline, is also investigating it separately, and the results of the preliminary study will be known by the end of the year. “
It should be noted that TAP transports natural gas to Europe from the giant Shah Deniz field in the Azerbaijani sector of the Caspian Sea. The 878 -kilometer pipeline connects to the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline on the Turkish-Greek border in Kipoi, crosses Greece, Albania and the Adriatic Sea and reaches the southern coast of Italy.
On the first day of the project, which started the flow of natural gas to Europe on December 31, 2020, 10.9 million cubic meters of natural gas was transported to Europe via TAP .
Hydrogen is seen as an energy source that could partly replace natural gas in future, helping to cut emissions provided it is produced using renewable power and is therefore carbon-free.
Many gas grid companies around the world are committing to a wider use of hydrogen as a way to extend the long-term life of their infrastructure because of increasing requirements to move away from fossil fuel, such as gas.
TAP can stimulate gas supplies to Southeast European countries through interconnectors to be built in the future. For example, Bulgaria will be able to strengthen supply security by supplying 33 % of its natural gas needs through TAP. This, in turn, will increase the penetration of natural gas in the country. TAP’s outlets in Greece and Albania, as well as in Italy, also open up opportunities for transporting Azerbaijani gas to other European countries.